Shoe Last 

A "shoe last" is a three-dimensional, foot-shaped mold upon which shoes are constructed.The last, which is fundamental to the shoe-making process, establishes the fit, shape, and overall structure of the shoe, assuring comfort and aesthetic appeal. It is critical to transform shoe designs from sketches into wearable works of art.

mens shoes court lasts

Understanding Shoe Lasts

Shoe lasts are the first tools utilized in shoemaking. They come in various shapes and sizes, with materials like wood, plastic, and aluminum being common choices. Wooden lasts are renowned for bespoke shoemaking, meticulously tailored to an individual's unique measurements. Plastic lasts, despite environmental concerns, offer versatility and affordability, making them widely used in both mass production and bespoke shoemaking. Aluminum lasts, reserved for molding shoe soles, endure high-temperature processes.

Importance of Correct Shoe Measurement

Accurate foot measurements are the cornerstone of crafting perfectly fitting shoes. Surprisingly, many individuals wear the wrong shoe size due to the standardized widths of mass-produced shoes. Herein lies the issue: while shoe length defines the last size, it's the width that determines comfort. Mass-produced shoes typically offer a single width, leading individuals to purchase larger sizes than necessary, resulting in discomfort and an improper fit.

Here's an excellent shoemaking article that provides a tutorial on how to accurately measure your feet to determine the correct shoe last size : "Accurately Measure Your Feet for the Perfect Shoe Fit"

The Solution: Custom Shoes Custom shoes offer the ultimate solution for achieving a perfect fit. They involve tailoring a standard shoe last to match an individual's precise foot measurements. This process unlocks unparalleled comfort and support, making every step a pleasure. For example, in the "Bespoke Derby Opanka Course", I provide a step-by-step guide on how to modify the shape of a standard shoe last based on foot measurements.

Choosing the Right Shoe Last


Selecting the appropriate shoe last depends on the specific footwear being created. Each shoe type possesses its unique construction, necessitating a corresponding last.

Common Shoe Last Types:

1.Pump Lasts for High Heels: Tailored for crafting various high-heel pump styles.

This shoe last you can use to make Pumps with high heels, Slingbacks or any other court shoe types with high heels.

High-heel-shoe lasts-2

2. Pump Lasts for Low Heels: designed for making different styles of flat ballet shoes and all other shoe styles based on flat ballet shoe construction, like T-strap flat ballet shoes and many others.

Pump rounded Shoe -last

3. Moccasin Lasts for Casual Shoes: Ideal for creating authentic moccasins

4. Lace-Up Shoe Lasts for Traditional Footwear: Designed for lace-up shoes, like Derby Shoes, Oxford shoes, ensuring a superior fit.

5.Boot Lasts for Boots with Fastening: Suited for boots with zippers or laces, both ankle and high boots.

boot last

6. Boot Lasts for Boots Without Fastening: Crafted for slip-on boots, offering a wider instep and back ankle area.

7. Cowboy Boots Lasts for Western Footwear: Specialized lasts for iconic cowboy boots.

If you want to learn more about cowboy boots, here is an exellent shoe making article about this footwear type: "Mastering the Art of Cowboy Boot Making: Making Durable, Comfortable, and Stylish Western Boots with master shoemaker William Shanor"

8. Open Toe Pump Lasts for Summer Styles: Ideal for open-toe pumps with shorter toe allowances.

9. Sandal Lasts: Developed to create various types of sandals, accounting for open construction and fastenings.


10. Hybrid Lasts for Unique Shoe Styles: Tailored for specific footwear designs, such as open-toe boots.

If you want to learn more about shoe lasts, opening types, and shoe last components, here are some excellent shoemaking articles:
"The Ultimate Guide to Shoe Last Types and Shoemaking"

"What you need to know about shoe last Part 1 : Shoe lasts components"

"Different Types of Shoe Last Opening| Part 2"

"Shoemaking Techniques: Shoe last"

 Shoe lasts, often unsung heroes in the world of shoemaking, are instrumental in achieving the perfect fit and comfort.There are many shoemaking tools required in the process of crafting footwear. However, without shoe lasts, it's impossible to produce high-quality shoes akin to those made by professional shoemakers. Understanding their significance and selecting the right last for each project empowers shoemakers to create footwear as unique as the individuals who wear them. Customization based on precise foot measurements remains the pinnacle of shoemaking, ensuring that every step is a comfortable and confident one.

Online shoemaking stores

There are several online stores dedicated to shoe lasts. Additionally, I'd recommend checking out local stores in your area,

All Shoemaking Supplies 

If you want to make shoes there is no way around it, you will need knifes, hammers, leather, glue, shanks, boards, and everything else to get the job done.
For that purpose I have created a detailed list of everything you need to make shoes.