November 27, 2018

How To Make Shoes- The Definitive Guide

How to make shoes? If you plan to learn a craft of shoe making and to make your shoes, you must be wondering how shoes are made? Is it difficult to make shoes? Is shoe making for me?

I know that because many years ago I use to ask myself the same questions. The lack of knowledge and misunderstanding the process lids to fear and makes you pass on the idea of making your own shoes.

First thing that I do with my students in 1 Year shoemaking Program, is to show them the big picture, to show them the full process of how to make shoes. This is exactly what I will share with you in this post and a video. 

Before you start…

Shoe making is a complicated process, with many steps and details that ,obviously, I won't be able to show you  in this post. What I will do, I will give you the simplified version of how to make shoes.

Other important subjects that I will share in this post are the tools and materials used in shoe making.

There is a common misunderstanding about the shoe making tools, materials and machinery that you need to use to make shoes.

You watched YouTube videos on how to make shoes and you see shoemakers use many different tools, and you think that is what you need to get started making your shoes.



The truth is, for you as a beginner in shoe making, you only need to have minimum set of tools to make your shoes.  Only when you will get the experience and skills in this craft  you will add those tools to your arsenal.

Let’s begin

Preparation: Accurately Measuring Your Feet

First step in shoe making is always taking your foot measurements.

In bespoke  shoe making we take the foot measurements to create a shoe last or customize the shoe lasts. 

If you are not making your last, you need these measurements to know what size of a shoe last you need to purchase (same shoe lasts size have different widths).

You can check how to measure your feet correctly in this post : Foot measurement :Order the right lasts

and you are welcome to watch the YouTube tutorial that I made.

Simple Method How to Measure Your Feet Easy & Fast

 Customize your shoe last

Vegtable tanned leather covered shoe last

Another good option for you to make shoes is, to take the standard last and customize it according to your feet measurements as many shoemakers do.

Designing Your Shoe: Pattern Making 101

I personally think that pattern making is a core in shoe making because, if you want to learn how to make shoes, not only beautiful but comfortable as well, you need to master pattern making first.

That's why I focus a lot on the pattern making in all my 19 courses to give to the beginners in shoemaking this super important knowledge to succeed in their shoe making craft.

Cover the last with masking tape


This is the first step in pattern making, as we will be applying our shoe design on top.

I created a full, step by step guide on how to cover your shoe last with masking tape like a pro. 

Subscribe to Get The
"3 Steps To Begin Your
Shoe Pattern Like a Pro"
Subscribe to my shoemaking newsletter to receive regular updates & get instant access to Free PDF.

Apply the design


When you were thinking about how to make shoes, you had imagined a certain footwear, a certain design, but how do we get it?

For us, to make the pattern of the footwear that we want, we first must draw the design on the shoe last (on masking tape).

I am not talking about pretty drawings, this is a technical drawing on the shoe last according to the rules of the specific footwear construction.

Creating a Basic Shoe Pattern: Essential Tips and Techniques


The basic pattern is the pattern that contains all lines of your shoe design and the lines of the shoe last. You will use this pattern later to develop the upper and lining patterns. 

The important techniue that you must know here is that this basic patern is without any seam allowances. When you will develope the lining and upper patterns you will add seam allowences needed for your footwear.

Why basic pattern is so important pattern in shoe making you can learn in this post

Tools and materials: cardboard, compass, utility knife

Verifying the Basic Pattern: A Critical Step in Shoe Making


You will use this basic pattern to develop the patterns of upper and lining, that is why the basic pattern must be correct.

The best way to check your basic pattern is, to use simple A4 paper. I will not go into details here because I wrote the full article on the subject and you can read it here.

Save your money on leather, make shoes working with paper patterns

Tools and materials: paper A4, nails, cutting board

Designing the Upper and Lining Patterns for Your Shoes

lining and upper making

The upper and lining patterns are more detailed patterns that include seam allowance and marks. 

Tools and materials: cardboard,compasses, utility knife, cutting board

Cutting, Assembling, and Stitching: Key Steps in Shoe Making

Precision Cutting: Tips and Techniques for Perfect Shoe Parts

cutting leather

We use the upper and lining cardboard patterns in shoe making to cut leather parts (or any other materials). Before you will start to cut leather you should observe the leather well and place your cardoard pattern in clean places without any marks and scratches. 

Also it is neccesary to place the cardboard patterns on leather along direction where leather stretchess less. To know where the leather stretches less, stretch it by hands in oposite directions. This is how you will find direction where the leather of your upper stretches less.

Tools and materials: leather, silver pen, utility knife, cutting board

Assembling Your Shoe Pieces: Step-by-Step

Assembling shoe pattern

Before you will sew the upper and lining together  you need to attach all parts of the upper and lining. During this shoe making step you will skive some of the upper and lining parts, and will reinforce specific places of your upper with different reinforcement tapes.

In the making of every shoe type there is a certain order of assembling.

Tools and materials: shoemaking knife, shoemaking hammer, reinforcement tape 4mm and 16 mm

Sewing Your Shoes: Best Practices and Essential Stitching Technique

sewing the upper of shoes

We sew all parts together: upper with lining. Before this final stage of sewing all parts of the upper must be folded and attached as well as all parts of lining.

At this stage of work we get the complete upper, meaning the top of our shoe. 

Tools and materials: sewing machine, shoemaking hammer

Crafting Custom Insoles for Your Shoes: A Guide


Insole is an inner part of the shoe that basically connects top part of the shoe (upper) with bottom part (sole, heel).

There are insoles from cardboard (mostly used in the the mass shoe production) and from vegetable tanned leather (in bespoke shoe making).

In bespoke shoe making shoemakers use the leather insoles because of the welted construction. The leather insoles will allow you to sew the upper to the insoles.

Carre Duker wrote very informative post about making the leather insoles, and I encourage you to read it.

Tools and materials:taxon board, shankboard, shoemaking rasp or a drill dremel, shoe making knife, shoemaking hammer, contact glue

Lasting: A Key Element in Crafting Durable and Comfortable Shoes

Lasting in shoemaking

In this shoe making step you will attach the edges of the upper and lining to the insoles.

When you will learn the process of how to make shoes, lasting is a magical milestone, when in the first time you will see your creation comes to life.

Many students of my 1 Year Program didn't think that one day they will be able to make their own shoes by themself and now they do.

The toe puffs and the counters

During lasting we must attach the toe puffs and counters. These are materials that hold the shape of the foot and protect the foot from damages.

We place them between the upper and lining of the toe area and in the heel area.

Tools and materials: pincers, nails, shoemaking rasp shoe making knife, contact glue, leather for stiffeners or non-woven chemical material

Making Soles for Your Shoes: Techniques and Materials

sole making

In shoe making you can use different materials for soles. The easiest way is, to use ready-made rubber soles but if you want to learn how to make shoes with natural materials, you always need to use the vegetable tanned leather.

For women shoes we use the vegetable tanned leather with a thickness of 2-3.5 mm, for men shoes 4-5 mm.

One of the best tanneries in the world that produces vegetable tanned leather is JR-Leather.

Kirby Allison from Hanger project just posted a great video about the JR leather tannery and the entire process of making their product.

Tools and materials: vegetable tanned leather, cork, shoemaking rasp shoe making knife, contact glue

Master the Art of Heel Making: Your Options and Possibilities

Heel making

With the heels we also have options. You can use ready-made plastic or wooden heels, with one big but...

You can’t just buy any heel that can matches the height of your shoe last, but more importantly, the heel must match the shape of your last (the bottom).

Meaning, if you think about buying ready-made heels, make sure to purchase them together with the lasts.

Second option and, in my opinion, is the best option, to make your own heels from leather or wood.
This way you will have great opportunity to build your own heels with any shape becasue there is a special shoemaking techniue 

that will allow you do have this freadom in your shoemaking craft.

So, if you want to learn how to make shoes with leather stacked heels, here is a great post about it.

Finishing and Sock Lining: The Final Touch to Your Shoes


At this step of shoe making we clean our soles ( made from leather) and heels using glass. We take off the top layer of leather to remove all marks and scratches left from the shoe making process. 

The cleaning of the shoe soles and heels can be a short or long process, depends on the quality you want to reach. 

You can continue to clean it with sandpaper, use wax, polish cream and dye color.

In finishing we must include the finishing of the upper as well (polish cream, wax).

Creating the Perfect Sock Lining for Your Shoe

This is the last step of the process of how to make shoes and here we will take off our shoes from the lasts, and place the sock lining inside. 

Sock lining is an inner part of the shoes that covers the insole. It can be with padding or without, and can be made from different materials.

That is it. Now, you have made your own shoes.

As I mentioned in the beginning of this post I simplified the shoe making process, cutting out many details and steps on the way, but right now you can understand how to make shoes and decide, if this is the adventure  you want to be a part of. 

I shared with you the process of how we make shoes, and hopefully it was usefull and informative for you.  To sum it up everything I shared in this post, I have created a step by step video. 


Master the Art of Shoe Making: A Complete Guide

Now, what I want you to do, is to comment below

and let me know if this article inspired you to make shoes or maybe now you even have more questions.

Join My 20K Subscribers Community!

Weekly I share with my subscribers actionable shoe making content. By enrolling in my list you will be the first to know about my new shoe making courses and special offers I have.

About the author 

Sveta Kletina

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}